I am a Finnish pediatric ophthalmologist who, after my thesis on experimental fluorescein angiography in Finland, worked from1967 to 1969 as Dr. A. Edward Maumenee’s Fellow at the Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, MD, USA, starting the first clinical fluorescein angiographic laboratory, which was an important area in diabetic retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and histoplasmosis at that time. At Wilmer Institute I became interested in vision rehabilitation and have worked in vision rehabilitation and development of assessment techniques since the 1970s when I was in charge of the first Vision Rehabilitation Centre in Helsinki, Finland. I have trained rehabilitation teams starting in 1984 in Madrid and have given courses in more than 30 countries on all five continents. I worked seven years as the lecturer in ophthalmology at the Nordic Staff Training Centre for Deaf-Blind Services and spent a sabbatical year at the Smith-Kettlewell Institute in San Francisco to study communication during assessment of deaf-blind patients.
I work now as the Honorary Professor in Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of Dortmund in Germany, and as a Senior Lecturer in Developmental Neuropsychology at the University of Helsinki in Finland.
The development of the LEA Vision Test System started in 1976 with the LEA Symbols tests for assessment and screening of vision in children; later with the LEA Numbers tests for international comparative studies in occupational medicine while working at the Institute of Occupational Health in Helsinki. The LEA Test System now contains 40+ tests for numerous clinical test situations and vision screening and for the assessment of children and adults with different communication needs.